English phrasal verbs

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rack up
place in a rack; "rack pool balls"

rack up
supply a rack with feed for (horses or other animals)

rain out, wash out
prevent or interrupt due to rain; "The storm had washed out the game"

raise, bring up
put forward for consideration or discussion; "raise the question of promotions"; "bring up an unpleasant topic"

raise, conjure, conjure up, invoke, evoke, stir, call down, arouse, bring up, put forward, call forth
summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic; "raise the specter of unemployment"; "he conjured wild birds in the air"; "call down the spirits from the mountain"

raise, erect, rear, set up, put up
construct, build, or erect; "Raise a barn"

raise, lift, elevate, get up, bring up
raise from a lower to a higher position; "Raise your hands"; "Lift a load"

rake up
bring to light; "He raked up the misdeeds of his predecessor"

range, array, lay out, set out
lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line; "lay out the clothes"; "lay out the arguments"

rant, mouth off, jabber, spout, rabbit on, rave
talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner

rattle down, rattle off, reel off, spiel off, roll off
recite volubly or extravagantly; "He could recite the names of all the chemical elements"

reach out
attempt to communicate; "I try to reach out to my daughter but she doesn't want to have anything to do with me"

reach, get through, get hold of, contact
be in or establish communication with; "Our advertisements reach millions"; "He never contacted his children after he emigrated to Australia"

reach, make, get to, progress to
reach a goal, e.g., "make the first team"; "We made it!"; "She may not make the grade"

reach, reach out
move forward or upward in order to touch; also in a metaphorical sense; "Government reaches out to the people"

rear, raise, bring up, nurture, parent
bring up; "raise a family"; "bring up children"

recall, call back
summon to return; "The ambassador was recalled to his country"; "The company called back many of the workers it had laid off during the recession"

recall, call in, call back, withdraw
cause to be returned; "recall the defective auto tires"; "The manufacturer tried to call back the spoilt yoghurt"

receive, take in, invite
express willingness to have in one's home or environs; "The community warmly received the refugees"

reconcile, patch up, make up, conciliate, settle
come to terms; "After some discussion we finally made up"

record, enter, put down
make a record of; set down in permanent form

recover, go back, recuperate
regain a former condition after a financial loss; "We expect the stocks to recover to $2.90"; "The company managed to recuperate"

recur, go back
return in thought or speech to something

redeem, pay off
pay off (loans or promissory notes)

reduce, boil down, concentrate
cook until very little liquid is left; "The cook reduced the sauce by boiling it for a long time"

reduce, come down, boil down
be the essential element; "The proposal boils down to a compromise"

reduce, cut down, cut back, trim, trim down, trim back, cut, bring down
cut down on; make a reduction in; "reduce your daily fat intake"; "The employer wants to cut back health benefits"

reel off, unreel
unwind from or as if from a reel; "unreel the tape"

refer, pertain, relate, concern, come to, bear on, touch, touch on, have-to doe with
be relevant to; "There were lots of questions referring to her talk"; "My remark pertained to your earlier comments"

reform, straighten out, see the light
change for the better; "The lazy student promised to reform"; "the habitual cheater finally saw the light"

refund, return, repay, give back
pay back; "Please refund me my money"

refurbish, renovate, freshen up
make brighter and prettier; "we refurbished the guest wing"; "My wife wants us to renovate"

refuse, reject, pass up, turn down, decline
refuse to accept; "He refused my offer of hospitality"

rein, rein in
stop or check by or as if by a pull at the reins; "He reined in his horses in front of the post office"

rein, rein in
stop or slow up one's horse or oneself by or as if by pulling the reins; "They reined in in front of the post office"

reject, spurn, freeze off, scorn, pooh-pooh, disdain, turn down
reject with contempt; "She spurned his advances"

reject, turn down, turn away, refuse
refuse entrance or membership; "They turned away hundreds of fans"; "Black people were often rejected by country clubs"

relapse, lapse, recidivate, regress, retrogress, fall back
go back to bad behavior; "Those who recidivate are often minor criminals"

relax, loosen up, unbend, unwind, decompress, slow down
become less tense, rest, or take one's ease; "He relaxed in the hot tub"; "Let's all relax after a hard day's work"

release, relinquish, resign, free, give up
part with a possession or right; "I am relinquishing my bedroom to the long-term house guest"; "resign a claim to the throne"

relegate, pass on, submit
refer to another person for decision or judgment; "She likes to relegate difficult questions to her colleagues"

remake, refashion, redo, make over
make new; "She is remaking her image"

remember, retrieve, recall, call back, call up, recollect, think
recall knowledge from memory; have a recollection; "I can't remember saying any such thing"; "I can't think what her last name was"; "can you remember her phone number?"; "Do you remember that he once loved you?"; "call up memories"

remit, remand, send back
refer (a matter or legal case) to another committee or authority or court for decision

remonstrate, point out
present and urge reasons in opposition

remove, take away
get rid of something abstract; "The death of her mother removed the last obstacle to their marriage"; "God takes away your sins"

remove, take, take away, withdraw
remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment"

renege, renege on, renegue on, go back on
fail to fulfill a promise or obligation; "She backed out of her promise"

repair, mend, fix, bushel, doctor, furbish up, restore, touch on
restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken; "She repaired her TV set"; "Repair my shoes please"

repeat, take over
do over; "They would like to take it over again"

repel, repulse, fight off, rebuff, drive back
force or drive back; "repel the attacker"; "fight off the onslaught"; "rebuff the attack"

replace, put back
put something back where it belongs; "replace the book on the shelf after you have finished reading it"; "please put the clean dishes back in the cabinet when you have washed them"

report, news report, story, account, write up
a short account of the news; "the report of his speech"; "the story was on the 11 o'clock news"; "the account of his speech that was given on the evening news made the governor furious"

represent, stand for, correspond
take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to; "Because of the sound changes in the course of history, an 'h' in Greek stands for an 's' in Latin"

repress, quash, keep down, subdue, subjugate, reduce
put down by force or intimidation; "The government quashes any attempt of an uprising"; "China keeps down her dissidents very efficiently"; "The rich landowners subjugated the peasants working the land"

request, bespeak, call for, quest
express the need or desire for; ask for; "She requested an extra bed in her room"; "She called for room service"

resist, hold out, withstand, stand firm
stand up or offer resistance to somebody or something

resonate, come across
be received or understood

restrain, keep, keep back, hold back
keep under control; keep in check; "suppress a smile"; "Keep your temper"; "keep your cool"

restrict, curtail, curb, cut back
place restrictions on; "curtail drinking in school"

resume, take up
return to a previous location or condition; "The painting resumed its old condition when we restored it"

retain, continue, keep, keep on
allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature; "We cannot continue several servants any longer"; "She retains a lawyer"; "The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff"; "Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on"; "We kept the work going as long as we could"; "She retained her composure"; "this garment retains its shape even after many washings"

retain, hold, keep back, hold back
secure and keep for possible future use or application; "The landlord retained the security deposit"; "I reserve the right to disagree"

retaliate, strike back
make a counterattack and return like for like, especially evil for evil; "The Empire strikes back"; "The Giants struck back and won the opener"; "The Israeli army retaliated for the Hamas bombing"

retire, strike out
cause to get out; "The pitcher retired three batters"; "the runner was put out at third base"

retract, pull back, draw back
use a surgical instrument to hold open (the edges of a wound or an organ)

retreat, pull back, back out, back away, crawfish, crawfish out, pull in one's horns, withdraw
make a retreat from an earlier commitment or activity; "We'll have to crawfish out from meeting with him"; "He backed out of his earlier promise"; "The aggressive investment company pulled in its horns"

return, take back, bring back
bring back to the point of departure

rev up, step up
speed up; "let's rev up production"

review, brush up, refresh
refresh one's memory; "I reviewed the material before the test"

review, go over, survey
hold a review (of troops)

review, look back, retrospect
look back upon (a period of time, sequence of events); remember; "she reviewed her achievements with pride"

revolve, go around, rotate
turn on or around an axis or a center; "The Earth revolves around the Sun"; "The lamb roast rotates on a spit over the fire"

reward, repay, pay back
act or give recompense in recognition of someone's behavior or actions

rework, make over, retread
use again in altered form; "retread an old plot"

ride off, ride away
ride away on a horse, for example

rig, set up
arrange the outcome of by means of deceit; "rig an election"

rig, set, set up
equip with sails or masts; "rig a ship"

ring up
to perform and record a sale on a cash register; "Sally rang up Eve's purchase of tomatoes"

rise, come up, uprise, ascend
come up, of celestial bodies; "The sun also rises"; "The sun uprising sees the dusk night fled..."; "Jupiter ascends"

rise, go up, climb
increase in value or to a higher point; "prices climbed steeply"; "the value of our house rose sharply last year"

rise, lift, arise, move up, go up, come up, uprise
move upward; "The fog lifted"; "The smoke arose from the forest fire"; "The mist uprose from the meadows"

roll in
pour or flow in a steady stream; "mist rolled in from the sea"; "tourists rolled in from the neighboring countryside"

roll out, roll
flatten or spread with a roller; "roll out the paper"

roll out, straighten
straighten by unrolling; "roll out the big map"

roll up
arrive in a vehicle: "He rolled up in a black Mercedes"

roll up
close (a car window) by causing it to move up, as with a handle; "she rolled up the window when it started to rain"

roll up, collect, accumulate, pile up, amass, compile, hoard
get or gather together; "I am accumulating evidence for the man's unfaithfulness to his wife"; "She is amassing a lot of data for her thesis"; "She rolled up a small fortune"

roll up, furl
form into a cylinder by rolling; "Roll up the cloth"

roll up, wrap up
form a cylinder by rolling; "roll up a banner"

roll, roll up
show certain properties when being rolled; "The carpet rolls unevenly"; "dried-out tobacco rolls badly"

roll, turn over
move by turning over or rotating; "The child rolled down the hill"; "turn over on your left side"

rope in
draw in as if with a rope; lure; "The agent had roped in several customers"

rope in, rope off, cordon off
divide by means of a rope; "The police roped off the area where the crime occurred"

rough up
treat violently; "The police strong-armed the suspect"

round off, round down, round out, round
express as a round number; "round off the amount"

round out, fill out
make bigger or better or more complete

round, flesh out, fill out
become round, plump, or shapely; "The young woman is fleshing out"

round, round out, round off
make round; "round the edges"

rout out, drive out, force out, rouse
force or drive out; "The police routed them out of bed at 2 A.M."

ruffle, ruffle up, rumple, mess up
disturb the smoothness of; "ruffle the surface of the water"

rule out, eliminate, winnow out, reject
dismiss from consideration or a contest; "John was ruled out as a possible suspect because he had a strong alibi"; "This possibility can be eliminated from our consideration"

rule out, rule in
include or exclude by determining judicially or in agreement with rules

run away
escape from the control of; "Industry is running away with us all"

run down
move downward; "The water ran down"

run down
pursue until captured; "They ran down the fugitive"

run down, check out
trace; "We are running down a few tips"

run down, exhaust, play out, sap, tire
deplete; "exhaust one's savings"; "We quickly played out our strength"

run down, run over
injure or kill by running over, as with a vehicle

run into, bump into, jar against, butt against, knock against
collide violently with an obstacle; "I ran into the telephone pole"

run into, encounter
be beset by; "The project ran into numerous financial difficulties"

run off
decide (a contest or competition) by a runoff

run off, run out, bolt, bolt out, beetle off
leave suddenly and as if in a hurry; "The listeners bolted when he discussed his strange ideas"; "When she started to tell silly stories, I ran out"

run on
talk or narrate at length

run on, keep going
continue uninterrupted; "The disease will run on unchecked"; "The party kept going until 4 A.M."

run up
make by sewing together quickly; "run up a skirt"

run up
pile up (debts or scores)

run, run for
extend or continue for a certain period of time; "The film runs 5 hours"

rush, hotfoot, hasten, hie, speed, race, pelt along, rush along, cannonball along, bucket along, belt along, step on it
move fast; "He rushed down the hall to receive his guests"; "The cars raced down the street"







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